Back pain can be excruciating, especially lower back pain. Lumbar spine (lower back) supports your upper and lower body. It not only provides support to your upper body but also enables mobility for everyday motions like bending, twisting, walking, and more. Lower back pain usually results from an injury or overstretching of the muscles, ligaments, joints, or discs in the lumbar spine region. If you have ever suffered from lower back pain, you must have found your daily routine disrupted. Doing normal things like sitting, standing, sleeping, or even walking becomes a task when you have lower back pain.
People suffering from lower back pain are typically referred to physical therapy. The goal of physical therapy is to alleviate the pain and help patients to prevent it in the future. Physical therapy constitutes two parts – passive physical therapy and active or exercise therapy.
While passive therapy like the application of heat and ice packs help at times exercise therapy can be necessary for complete healing. Exercise therapy involves a combination of specific exercises which are discussed below –
Lumbar Stabilization Exercises
Lumbar stabilization or dynamic stabilization is a form of active exercise designed to strengthen muscles and prevent lower back pain. This exercise technique relies on proprioception or the awareness of your joints positioning. With the help of a physical therapist, the patient is trained to maintain his or her neutral spine position. Later on, the back muscles are trained to maintain the spine in the correct position. This form of exercise therapy involves the use of a variety of exercises and may also include props like exercise balls or balancing machine to achieve the desired goals. Lumbar stabilization exercises can be beneficial in reducing as well as preventing lower back pain in the future.
Core Strengthening Exercises
As the name suggests, these exercise work around the core or the abdominal muscles along with lower back muscles. They are provided with an objective to strengthen the core and lower back muscles to ease pain and offer a strong support to the spine. This form of workout includes specific abdomen strengthening exercises like sit-ups, crunches, and leg raises. Along with this, it also includes lower back exercises that can be performed on machines or physically to hyperextend the spine or strengthen the back muscles.
Along with the above-mentioned forms of exercises, proper stretching of muscles is also offered to ease lower back pain. Whether the pain is a result of inappropriate posture, lack of enough motion, or shrinkage of muscles due to the lack of use, proper stretching can provide relief to patients. Lower back pain patients are typically recommended to stretch lower back muscles, abdominal muscles, hips, and legs. It is important that the process is slow and gradual. When considering stretching exercises, it is best to follow a routine specifically designed for you.
If you have lower back pain, then exercise therapy can be highly beneficial as it strengthens the muscles and works on your spine to alleviate as well as prevent further pain. Make sure you consult a professional physiotherapist for exercise therapy, or else you may end up doing more harm.